Mozilla, the non profit organization who dominated Microsoft’s Internet Explorer browser with its Firefox browser is now seeking to enter the fray with the mobile development competition with its very own project code name, Boot to Gecko. This project hopes to create a browser based platform similar to an operating system but will be made cross platform between Google’s Android OS, Apple’s iOS, and Microsoft’s Windows.
The long term goal will be a browser based platform coded with java script and HTML5, the latest in web programming standard, which will suffice without relying on any operating system. Mozilla will also have it’s own app store for this platform as well as it’s own social network system named, BrowserID, that would allow users to register and login to a website without sharing large amounts of their personal data. Mozilla will be realizing this plan later on this year and hope to take mobile technology to web powered platforms.
See the current status here: https://wiki.mozilla.org/B2G/Roadmap